Basantapur Durbar square is the traditional ancient city and the heart of Kathmandu. It is one of the three Durbar squares of Nepal which is situated in Kathmandu. Basantapur Durbar square is also known as Kathmandu durbar square which was enlisted in the UNESCO world heritage sites in October 1979.
Kathmandu durbar square was surrounded by the skills of Newar art and culture over many centuries. It is one of the historical places of Nepal in terms of religion, economics, cultural heritage and pride.
Basantapur Durbar square used to be the Nepalese royal residence until the 19th century. There are temples, museums, monuments such as Hanuman Dhoka, Taleju temple, Kal Bhairav, Mahadev temple, Shiva Parvati temple etc.
Here are the five things to do near Basantapur Durbar Square.
With its palaces and old temples, it reflects the entire religious and cultural lifestyle of the people. In addition to the beautiful shrines and temples, various festivals, cultural events are tribute here.
People with different races and religions gather from all over the city to celebrate old traditions and festivals such as Indra Jatra, Gai Jatra, Dashain, Holi etc. therefore, you can learn the lifestyle of people and have a memorable day enjoying different festivals.
Art and architecture
Nepalese traditional art and architecture are influenced by Buddhist and Hindu religious beliefs which are reflected by statues of god, painting images, monasteries, temples etc.
Basantapur Durbar square is popular due to its wonderful tradition of Nepalese arts and architecture. It is the best destination for students and individuals to study more about ancient art and architecture.
People from across the globe visit Basantapur durbar square to study about the different styles of art like Thangka painting, Hindu arts of deities and architecture like a pagoda, shikar etc.
Kumari Bahal, situated on the left side of the entrance to Durbar Square is the residence of Kumari “the living goddess” of Nepal. The word “Kumari” originates from the Sanskrit language “kaumarya” which means young.
If you are lucky enough, you may see her during her public appearance on the third floor for 20 to 30 s.
The qualities that require for a 3-5 years little girl to be Kumari is she must possess all the 32 physical perfection characteristics including her eye color must be black, teeth should be 22, body like a banyan tree etc.
The Kumari is an immature girl selected from the Shakya caste of the Nepalese Buddhist society. There are altogether 10 Kumari in Nepal.
Kal Bhairav is one of the legendary temples in north of durbar square, there is a huge 12 ft stone statue of Kal Bhairav which is one of the rebirths of “Lord Shiva”, represented with six arms holding head cut off of Shani, a cloth made of human bones. The aggressive form of Lord Shiva is Kal Bhairav.
There is the story about the tradition where if someone is lying while facing Kal Bhairav, he/she will die right away. So, in the name of religion people pray in front of Kal Bhairav.
Therefore, this temple used to be a supreme court of Nepal back in the ancient period. There is a belief that praying Kala Bhairab purifies your soul, frees you from sin, overcomes diseases, enemy and gives you blessings and wishes.
With its objects of historical, scientific, artistic, cultural interest etc. it is the best destination to explore museums like Tribhuvan, Birendra and Mahendra Museum which is located at Hanuman Dhoka Palace near Basantapur Durbar Square.
Tribhuvan museum features the life of king Tribhuvan (1906 – 1955) who helped free the country from the Rana regime whereas Mahendra museum sheds the light on the life of king Mahendra (1955 – 1972). You can visit both museums with one ticket.
There is a wonderful collection of historical art facts that were owned and used by the king which includes rare weapons, statues, woodwork, art, photographs, paintings, bedrooms etc. of the shah and other rulers.
You can also find old priceless collections of coins there. You will find an effective way of learning after visiting there which brings change and development to communities.